Basic Human Rights

Posted by Colleen

Since it was Earth Day this past weekend I thought this was an appropriate time to post this article. Please read – what do you think?

Monsanto Has Violated the Basic Human Right to a Healthy Environment and Food

Judges at The Hague called on international lawmakers to hold corporations like Monsanto accountable.

By Katherine Paul / AlterNet

April 24, 2017

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March Against Monsanto, Akron, Ohio
Photo Credit: bill baker/Flickr CC

“Most opinion tribunals have had a considerable impact, and it is now accepted that they contribute to the progressive development of international law.” —International Monsanto Tribunal Advisory Opinion, The Hague, April 18, 2017

On Tuesday, April 18, representatives of the Organic Consumers Association and our Regeneration International project gathered in The Hague, Netherlands, along with members of other civil society groups, scientists and journalists.

We assembled to hear the opinions of the five judges who presided over the International Monsanto Tribunal. After taking six months to review the testimony of 28 witnesses who testified during the two-day citizens’ tribunal held in The Hague last October, the judges were ready to report on their 53-page Advisory Opinion.

The upshot of the judges’ opinion? Monsanto has engaged in practices that have violated the basic human right to a healthy environment, the right to food, the right to health, and the right of scientists to freely conduct indispensable research.

The judges also called on international lawmakers to hold corporations like Monsanto accountable, to place human rights above the rights of corporations, and to “clearly assert the protection of the environment and establish the crime of ecocide.”

The completion of the Tribunal judges’ work coincides with heightened scrutiny of Monsanto, during a period when the company seeks to complete a merger with Germany-based Bayer. In addition to our organization’s recently filed lawsuit against Monsanto, the St. Louis-based chemical maker is facing more than 800 lawsuits by people who developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma after being exposed to Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide. As a result of recently-made-public court documents related to those lawsuits, pressure is mounting for Congress to investigate alleged collusion between former EPA officials and the timing couldn’t have been better for the Monsanto Tribunal to announce its opinions. But is time running out for us to hold Monsanto accountable—and replace its failed, degenerative model with a food and farming system that regenerates soil, health and local economies?

Citizens’ tribunals historically contribute to developing international law

The Monsanto Tribunal judges had barely finished delivering their opinions before Monsanto spit out the usual pablum, claiming to be committed to finding “real solutions” to the challenges of hunger, food security and the role of farmers to “nourish our growing world sustainably.”Monsanto to bury the truth about the health risks of Roundup.

In a statement issued by the biotech giant’s Global Human Rights Steering Committee (who knew?), Monsanto claimed the Tribunal was “staged by a select group of anti-agriculture technology and anti-Monsanto critics who played organizers, judge and jury.”

In fact, organizers of the Tribunal had no say in the judges’ final opinion. And the judges themselves are all independent, highly qualified lawyers and legal experts, recognized by the international legal community for their accomplishments and credentials.

In their Advisory Opinion, the judges didn’t directly address criticism of the Monsanto Tribunal specifically, nor did they address attempts to delegitimize citizens’ tribunals (which the judges referred to as “Opinion Tribunals”) in general. But the judges did outline what an Opinion Tribunal is mand is not, and why they are important:

Their objective is twofold: alerting public opinion, stakeholders and policy-makers to acts considered as unacceptable and unjustifiable under legal standards; contributing to the advancement of national and international law.

The work and conclusions of opinion tribunals are shared with all relevant actors and widely disseminated in the national and international community. Most opinion tribunals have had a considerable impact, and it is now accepted that they contribute to the progressive development of international law.

Judges: Monsanto violated basic human rights

As we wrote last year, the Monsanto Tribunal judges were asked to consider six questions, referred to as the “Terms of Reference.” During two days of testimony, the judges heard from 28 witnesses (representing about 15 countries) on matters relating to the six questions.

On four of those questions—whether or not Monsanto violated the right to a healthy environment, right to food, right to health, and right to freedom of expression and academic research—the judges concluded in all cases that yes, Monsanto’s activities have violated all of those rights. (Detailed answers to all questions are included in the Advisory Opinion.)

On the question of war crimes, related to Monsanto supplying Agent Orange to the U.S. military during the Vietnam War, the judges concluded:

Because of the current state of international law and the absence of specific evidence, the Tribunal cannot give any definitive answer to the question it was asked. Nevertheless, it seems that Monsanto knew how its products would be used and had information on the consequences for human health and the environment. The Tribunal is of the view that, would the crime of Ecocide be added in International law, the reported facts could fall within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

And that brings us to question six: Could the activities of Monsanto constitute a crime of ecocide, understood as causing serious damage or destroying the environment, so as to significantly and durably alter the global commons or ecosystem services upon which certain human groups rely?

Possibly—if ecocide were recognized as an international crime, under the Rome Statute. Because it isn’t, at least not yet, the judges could only add to existing calls for the International Law Commission to amend the Rome Statute to include ecocide on its list of international crimes.

On complicity in war crimes, the Tribunal judges wrote:

The Tribunal assesses that international law should now precisely and clearly assert the protection of the environment and the crime of ecocide. The Tribunal concludes that if such a crime of ecocide were recognized in international criminal law, the activities of Monsanto could possibly constitute a crime of ecocide. Several of the company’s activities may fall within this infraction, such as the manufacture and supply of glyphosate-based herbicides to Colombia in the context of its plan for aerial application on coca crops, which negatively impacted the environment and the health of local populations; the large-scale use of dangerous agrochemicals in industrial agriculture; and the engineering, production, introduction and release of genetically engineered crops. Severe contamination of plant diversity, soils and waters would also fall within the qualification of ecocide. Finally, the introduction of persistent organic pollutants such as PCB into the environment causing widespread, long-lasting and severe environmental harm and affecting the right of the future generations could fall within the qualification of ecocide as well.

International law has ‘failed woefully,’ but we have to hope

We can’t do justice here to the Tribunal judges’ 53-page Advisory Opinion. The Opinion, which include 120 citations, paints a detailed picture of how Monsanto violates human rights and ravages the environment, on a global scale. In their published Opinion, the judges call for changes in international law in order to give priority to human rights, over the rights of corporations, and to hold corporations accountable for violating human and environmental rights.

While according companies like Monsanto unprecedented rights and entitlements, international law has failed woefully to impose any corresponding obligation to protect human rights and the environment. However, it is beyond the scope of this advisory opinion to consider the breadth of reforms required to re-align the respective priorities of commercial and public interests that must be brought about under international law. Therefore, the Tribunal strongly encourages authoritative bodies to address the legal and practical limitations that currently confine the scope, content and ultimately the effectiveness of international human rights law.

As she wrapped up the April 18 press conference in The Hague, Tribunal Judge Françoise Tulkens said that while the judges’ work was done, the work of civil society has just begun.

“Now this Advisory Opinion is in your hands, it’s for you to use it. You, as in civil servants, as in lawyers and judges, if it’s possible . . .  maybe this Opinion will serve in the development of international law, and of course international law does develop under the impetus of civil society, so for that maybe we have to wait one year, two years, decades, maybe centuries, I don’t know, but we still have to hope that it’s possible.”

As we hope for international law to start holding corporations like Monsanto (or Bayer or Dow or Syngenta) accountable for the devastating consequences of their poisonous chemicals, we must also look for hopeful solutions for feeding the world’s growing population. Monsanto will have you believe that its failed GMO monoculture model provides those solutions—but increasingly, the world is wising up to that lie.

In 3 Big Myths about Modern Agriculture, David R. Montgomery, professor of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of Washington, says that conventional farming practices that degrade soil health undermine humanity’s ability to continue feeding everyone over the long run. Montgomery writes:

I no longer see debates about the future of agriculture as simply conventional versus organic. In my view, we’ve oversimplified the complexity of the land and underutilized the ingenuity of farmers. I now see adopting farming practices that build soil health as the key to a stable and resilient agriculture.

Do we have decades or centuries, as Tulkens suggests, for international law to crack down on Monsanto? Probably not, if climate scientists’ predictions are correct. But as humans with rights, and consumers with responsibility for our purchasing decisions, we can help fuel a Regeneration Revolution that can both cool the planet and feed the world—without poison.

Peanut Butter

Posted by Colleen

justins peanut butter

Product Spotlight #3

I did a post with a favorite fruit spread now here is a favorite peanut butter to go onto my “pbj sandwich.” I have been eating Justin’s natural peanut butter classic.  One reason I like this product is that it only has two ingredients dry roasted peanuts and palm oil. I don’t really enjoy the nut butters with a lot of oil and you have to do a lot of mixing to get it spread.  This peanut butter is ready to spread when you open the lid it has a nice texture, and a nice peanut taste.

Justin’s nut butter is a Boulder, Colorado based company and uses natural and organic ingredients.

The peanut butter classic contains 8g of protein, 4g of fiber, no added sugar, gluten free, vegan and kosher. If you’re looking to cut back on sugar give this product a try.

I have found this product in most of the grocery stores where I shop. I would suggest giving Justin’s peanut butter a try.  Please, post a comment if you have bought the peanut butter and let me know what you think.

Enjoy!

 

psoted by Caroline

Make Every Day Earth Day!

Small daily changes make a huge difference for our planet!

We all can make small changes and help save the Earth!

Start using natural products.

Use fashionable fabric bags and baskets to go shopping. No plastic needed!!!

Use natural cleaning products.

Contribute positive changes in every day living and by making healthy choices for you, your family and our environment!  Get informed and involved in making a difference!

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ENCOURAGING BOOK

posted by Caroline

Sometimes we need hope, encouragement and support and for me often this comes in form of encouraging words from great books. This morning I found just that in a book I didn’t look at for a while……but gave me exactly the encouragement words I needed today. I think you find it encouraging as well.

From the book: I Believe in You,  edited by Gary Morris     (A Blue Mountain Arts, Collection full of Encouragement and Inspiration)

I Know This Much About You…..

I know that whatever road you choose you will find it rewarding, because you always give one hundred percent to your endeavors. I also know that whoever you encounter on that road will benefit from knowing you, because of the special and caring person that you are. You have wonderful experiences ahead of you. Live each day to the fullest, and never lose appreciation for your blessings.   – Kelly D. Caron

 

 

Organic Fruit Spread

Posted by Colleen

Product Spotlight#2

crrofters fruit spread

I like to have a pbj (peanut butter jelly) sandwich sometimes or on whole grain crackers.  But I’m looking for products that don’t contain added sugar and I found Crofter’s Just Fruit Spread and just fruit spread are organic and non-GMO.

On their website it states, “Crofter’s fruit spread meet all categories of vegetarian including vegan”.  Also, all of their spreads are gluten free and their facility is gluten free, since they only make fruit products.

I enjoy eating strawberries so my favorite Crofter’s organic fruit spread is the strawberry.

The ingredients on the jar are; concentrated organic grape juice, organic strawberries, natural apple pectin, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), citric acid.

If you’re looking for a fruit spread product with the above criteria try Crofter’s Fruit Spread and you can go to their website for more information.

I have no affiliation with any of the companies that I write about in the product spotlight.

 

 

Healthy On-The-Go-Snack

Posted by Colleen

Product Spotlight

That's it Apples + Cherries Fruit Bar

I’m always looking for something that is “healthy” for an on-the-go-snack and I think these fruit bars are the way to go. The name of the bars is That’s It and that is what you get. The bars are raw, non-GMO, no added sugar, vegan, gluten free and only 100 calories.

There are only two ingredients in the bars, this bar one apple and ten cherries and if you’re a cherry lover like me this is really pretty good. The bars are soft, pliable and a little sticky because of the fruit; the bars come in a variety of fruit choices, two fruit combinations. I have found the bars at Market of Choice, Natural Grocers and their website says Whole Foods. I think I paid about $1.60 for the bar not bad for something good.